UV-radiation as a Risk Factor for Non-melanoma Skin Cancer. Genetic Determinants of Carcinogenesis

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Abstract


The review presents modern data on the role of ultraviolet (UV) radiation in the pathogenesis of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), the problem of THE risk of developing NMSC, in particular, squamous cell and basal cell skin cancer both in the population and in long-term repeated irradiation of phototherapy (PUVA therapy, UVB therapy, UVB-311 therapy) in patients with psoriasis. The paper considers the mechanisms of UV-induced cell damage by different spectral ranges (UVA, UVB) including the formation of photoproducts, damage to genomic DNA and other cellular structures, violation of the regulation of signaling pathways, the development of chronic inflammation, secondary immunosuppression. The review summarizes the results of large epidemiological studies discussing the role of gene polymorphisms in the homologous DNA repair XRCC3, gene telomerase TERT-CLPTMI, cytokine IL10 gene, MTHFR gene, encoding the folate synthesis, genes involved in pigmentirovanie MC1R, EXOC2, UBAC2 in the modulation of risk of carcinogenic effect of UV radiation. According to the authors’ opinion, the most vital and significant is data on the role of vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms as possible predictors of the risk of NMSC development. The further prospects of academic research on the cumulative role of the genome and environmental factors in the risk assessment of NMSC are revealed.


Marianna B. Zhilova

State Scientific Center of Dermatovenereology and Cosmetology

Author for correspondence.
Email: zhilova2@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2545-2129

Russian Federation

MD, PhD.

3 bld. 6 Korolenko street, 107076 Moscow.

Tel.: +7 (495) 785-20-47.

SPIN-код: 8930-4073

Maria M. Butareva

State Scientific Center of Dermatovenereology and Cosmetology

Email: butareva@cnikvi.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1521-1989

Russian Federation

MD, PhD.

3 bld. 6 Korolenko street, 107076 Moscow.

SPIN-код: 8092-5896

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