INTRAORGANIC AND INTRATISSUE MECHANISMS OF PROTECTIVE ACTION OF ACTIVATED KUPFFER CELLS ON HEPATOCYTES

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Abstract


Endotoxine activated Kupffer cells release into the intercellular space several mediators which act directly on hepatocytes as well as via stellet cells. In both cases Kupffer cells downregulate hepatocytes as a part of paracrine system. However, downregulated part of liver parenchyma might be extended by several mechanisms. The first one is release of vasoconstrictors from activated Kupffer cells which stimulate stellet cells contraction. This effect may also be achieved by formation of hypermetabolic focuses by Kupffer cells mediators with further activation of hepatocyte–hepatocyte interactions based on the principle of cell competition for oxygen in the intercellular space. Regulatory influence of activated Kupffer cells may be spread in liver parenchyma with participation of the mechanism of intratissue hepatocyte–hepatocyte interactions which also realize tissue stress reaction.


G. M. Elbakidze

Association for World Laboratory, Biomedical Center, Moscow, Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: gmelbakidze@hotmail.com

Russian Federation

PhD, RANS academician, Director of Biomedical Center, Association for World Laboratory Address: 125057, Moscow, Leningradskii Prospect, 71-128; tel.: (499) 198-72-28

A. G. Medentsev

G.K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, RAS, Puschino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation

Email: medentsev-ag@rambler.ru

Russian Federation

PhD., Head of the Laboratory of Microorganism Adaptation, Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms named after G.K. Skryabin RAS Address: 142290, Moscow region, Pushchino, Nauki Avenue, 5; tel.: (495) 956-33-70

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