MICRORNA: ROLE IN GH-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA PATHOGENESIS

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Abstract


MicroRNA presents small (19–25 nucleotides long) non-coding RNA molecules which regulate gene expression on post-transcriptional level. Numerous studies revealed microRNA’s important role in physiological processes. Moreover, its aberrant expression has been described in many pathological conditions including pituitary tumors. Pituitary adenomas are benign intracranial tumors with various clinical presentations depending on the type of hormone secretion. Prediction of the pituitary adenoma aggressive level and treatment response is challenging due to the lack of reliable clinical predictors or non-invasive biomarkers. MicroRNAs in body fluids could potentially be a minimally invasive biomarker for tumor diagnosis and a predictor of treatment response and prognosis. Some studies reveal that microRNA is specific for a different pituitary adenoma subtypes. In the article, we review existing evidence on microRNA expression in GH-secreting tumors and its possible involvement in pathogenesis of somatotroph tumors.


A. S. Lutsenko

Endocrinology Research Centre

Author for correspondence.
Email: some91@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9314-7831

Russian Federation Moscow

Z. E. Belaya

Endocrinology Research Centre

Email: jannabelaya@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6674-6441

Russian Federation Moscow

E. G. Przhiyalkovskaya

Endocrinology Research Centre

Email: przhiyalkovskaya.elena@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9119-2447

Russian Federation

Moscow

G. A. Mel'nichenko

Endocrinology Research Centre

Email: teofrast2000@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5634-7877

Russian Federation

Moscow

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