Method of Surgical Management of Genital Prolapse with Cervical Elongation

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Abstract


Objectives: According to different authors, the percentage of genital prolapse among gynaecological diseases that require surgical correction reaches 28−38,9%. Pelvic muscle wasting is a special kind of pelvic prolapse, often leading to cervical elongation and hypertrophy. Contemporary methods of treatment for this condition have the high rate of relapse― 8,9−22%, thus urging to improve the existing techniques.

The purpose of this research was to estimate the effectiveness of novel modification of Manchester operation in comparison with classic Manchester operation in the management of pelvic prolapse with cervical elongation.

Methods: We enrolled 83 patients with pelvic prolapse and cervical elongation and divided them into two groups. In GroupI (n=47) we used the novel surgical method, supplementing original Manchester procedure with cervical stump fixation and other improvements. In GroupII we used original Manchester procedure. We compared laboratory measures as well as surgery duration, blood loss, incidence of complications, and duration of post-operational hospital stay. Patients were followed-up for 2years to estimate long-term effectiveness of surgical intervention. Statistical analysis was performed in SPSS 17.0.

Results: Surgery duration in GroupII was significantly longer (47,8±26,2 vs 57,5±35,1 minutes, p<0.05). There were no significant differences in lab tests, post-operational hospital stay (5,2±0,9 vs 7,3±1,2) and incidence of post-operational complications (3 vs 4 cases). Over the 2 years of follow-up we registered 1 case of relapse in Group I and 3 cases of relapse in Group II, thus estimating the effectiveness of surgery as 97,9 vs 91,7%, a non-significant difference. We noticed that all relapsed women had signs of systemic dysplasia of connective tissue.

Conclusion: Suggested modification of Manchester operation improves duration of surgical intervention itself, while providing a comparable level of effectiveness.


A. I. Ishchenko

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: liubella.2011@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3338-1113

Russian Federation Moscow, Russian Federation

L. S. Aleksandrov

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: liubella.2011@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2512-5785

Moscow, Russian Federation

A. A. Ishchenko

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: ra2001_2001@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4476-4972

Moscow, Russian Federation

E. P. Hudoley

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: evgenya2015@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0824-577X

Moscow, Russian Federation

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