Obesity: Current Global and Russian Trends

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Abstract


The review of literature presents the results of recent epidemiological studies in obese people in Russia and abroad taking into account gender, age, ethnic, social, and geographical factors. The increase of obesity prevalence among different population groups including children and adolescents was registered. The risks of health problems associated with overweight and obesity probably leading to disability and mortality were analyzed. It was shown that the energy imbalance played a key role in the etiopathogenesis of obesity among many other factors. This occurs as a consequence of discrepancy between energy consumption and energy discharge especially under the conditions of hypokinesia in all spheres of modern life. Particular attention was paid to the analysis of environmental factors, increasing urbanization, and socio-economic conditions of modern life. The fundamental importance of a multidisciplinary approach in the development of prevention and treatment and rehabilitation programs was accentuated. The attention was paid to the role of economic factors in the development of carbohydrate metabolism disorders. The important role of the goverment was shown in the development of health improvement programs including improvement of the environmental situation, change in anthropogenic environment due to physical activity. The preferred direction of comprehensive programs of prevention and treatment of obesity were defined including optimization of the motor regime, diet correction, increasing the motivation to healthy lifestyle, physical education and sports, as well as increasing the individual’s personal responsibility for their health.


A. O. Razina

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: electrum_raz@mail.ru

Russian Federation MD, postgraduate student of the Department of Sports Medicine and Medical Rehabilitation

S. D. Runenko

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: svetfit@mail.ru

Russian Federation MD, PhD., Assistant Professor of  Department of Sports Medicine and Medical Rehabilitation

E. E. Achkasov

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: 2215.g23@rambler.ru

Russian Federation

Доктор медицинских наук, профессор, заведующий кафедрой спортивной медицины и медицинской реабилитации. 

Адрес: 119991, Москва, ул. Трубецкая, д. 8

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