MEDICAL AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF PEDIATRICS

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  • Authors: Baranov A.A.1, Namazova-Baranova L.S.2, Belyaeva I.A.3, Bombardirova E.P.3, Smirnov E.P.3
  • Affiliations:
    1. Scientific Center of Children's Health, Moscow, Russian Federation I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation
    2. Scientific Center of Children's Health, Moscow, Russian Federation I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation
    3. Scientific Center of Children's Health, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • Issue: Vol 70, No 3 (2015)
  • Pages: 307–314
  • Section: PEDIATRICS: CURRENT ISSUES
  • URL: https://vestnikramn.spr-journal.ru/jour/article/view/35
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.15690/vramn.v70i3.1326
  • Cite item

Abstract


The article presents a literature review over the last few years devoted to the health status and development peculiarities of children born using assisted reproductive technologies (ART) procedures. The statistics shows an explosive increase in the frequency of ART application as a fertility treatment method. The presented data analysis reflects the perinatal outcomes after ART in children, the frequency of congenital malformations and genetic diseases in this population, possible long-term malconditions and pathologies in children born using ART. The overwhelming majority of investigators consider the adverse effect of ART on a child’s body to be the result of prematurity and multiple pregnancy (transfer multiple embryos followed by partial reduction). It is stated that the widespread introduction of ART may contribute to the vertical transmission of parental infertility factors in the population. The application of ART procedures in some cases is associated with controversial ethical and legal issues (surrogacy, oocyte donation). Further improvements in ART procedures (preimplantation training, medical and genetic diagnosis, reducing the frequency of multiple pregnancy) cannot be stated as an alternative to the general medical and social prevention of reproductive disorders in adolescents and youth.

 


A. A. Baranov

Scientific Center of Children's Health, Moscow, Russian Federation
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: baranov@nczd.ru

Russian Federation

доктор медицинских наук, профессор, академик РАН, директор Научного центра
здоровья детей
Адрес: 119991, Москва, Ломоносовский пр-т, д. 2, стр. 1, тел.: +7 (499) 134-30-83

L. S. Namazova-Baranova

Scientific Center of Children's Health, Moscow, Russian Federation
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation
Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation

Email: namazova@nczd.ru

Russian Federation

доктор медицинских наук, профессор, член-корреспондент РАН, директор
НИИ педиатрии Научного центра здоровья детей, заведующая кафедрой факультетской педиатрии РНИМУ
им. Н.И. Пирогова
Адрес: 119991, Москва, Ломоносовский пр-т, д. 2, стр. 2, тел.: +7 (495) 967-14-14

I. A. Belyaeva

Scientific Center of Children's Health, Moscow, Russian Federation

Email: belyaeva@nczd.ru

Russian Federation

доктор медицинских наук, заведующая отделением для недоношенных детей НИИ
педиатрии Научного центра здоровья детей
Адрес: 119991, Москва, Ломоносовский пр-т, д. 2, стр. 1, тел.: +7 (499) 134-15-19

E. P. Bombardirova

Scientific Center of Children's Health, Moscow, Russian Federation

Email: namazova@nczd.ru

Russian Federation

доктор медицинских наук, профессор, главный научный сотрудник отделения для
недоношенных детей НИИ педиатрии Научного центра здоровья детей
Адрес: 119991, Москва, Ломоносовский пр-т, д. 2, стр. 1, тел.: +7 (499) 134-15-19

E. P. Smirnov

Scientific Center of Children's Health, Moscow, Russian Federation

Email: smirnov@nczd.ru

Russian Federation

доктор медицинских наук, профессор, главный научный сотрудник лабораторного отдела
НИИ педиатрии Научного центра здоровья детей
Адрес: 119991, Москва, Ломоносовский пр-т, д. 2, стр. 1, тел.: +7 (499) 134-30-83

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