EVALUATION OF PREMATURE INFANTS NUTRITIONAL STATUS BY AIR PLETHYSMOGRAPHY: FIRST RUSSIAN PROSPECTIVE STUDY

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Abstract


In this article results of first Russian study on premature infants body composition in association with trend of their physical development within the first month and according to way of feeding. 30 preterm newborns without signs of intrauterine hypotrophy at birth with gestational age less than 35 month were examined by air body plethysmography. The infants were examined reaching term corrected age. Less levels of fat-free mass and increased percentage of fat were found in premature infants. The negative association between gestational age and the specific content of fat was found. This increases the risk of long-term metabolic diseases in preterm infants. It is found that preterm infants fed by fortified human milk have a more optimal body composition (less body fat levels) than infants fed by formula. The found consistent patterns confirm the necessity of supplying preterm infants with human milk for more adequate formation of plastic processes.

 


A. A. Baranov

Scientific Centre of Children’s Health RAMS, Moscow, Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: baranov@nczd.ru

Russian Federation PhD, Professor, RAS and RAMS academician, Director Federal State Budgetary Institution «Scientific Centre of Children,s Health» of RAMS Address: 119991, Moscow Lomonosov Prospect 2/1; tel.: (499) 134-30-83

L. S. Namazova-Baranova

Scientific Centre of Children’s Health RAMS, Moscow, Russian Federation

Email: namazova@nczd.ru

Russian Federation Phd, Professor, RAMS cor. member, Director of Research Institute of Preventive Pediatrics and Rehabilitation Treatment of Scientific Centre of Children,s Health, Head of the Department of Pediatric Faculty Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University Address: 119991, Moscow Lomonosov Prospect 2/2; tel.: (495) 967-14-14

I. A. Belyaeva

Scientific Centre of Children’s Health RAMS, Moscow, Russian Federation

Email: belyaeva@nczd.ru

Russian Federation PhD, Head of the Department of Department for Premature Babies, Research Institute of Pediatry, Federal State Budgetary Institution « Scientific Centre of Children,s Health» Address: 119991, Moscow Lomonosov Prospect 2/1; tel.: (499) 134-15-19

V. A. Skvortsova

Scientific Centre of Children’s Health RAMS, Moscow, Russian Federation

Email: vera.skvortsova@mail.ru

Russian Federation PhD, Professor, Leading Research Worker of Department of Nutrition a Healthy and Sick Child, Research Institute of Pediatry, Federal State Budgetary Institution « Scientific Centre of Children,s Health » Address: 119991, Moscow Lomonosov Prospect 2/1; tel.: (499) 132-26-00

T. V. Turti

Scientific Centre of Children’s Health RAMS, Moscow, Russian Federation

Email: turti@nczd.ru

Russian Federation PhD, Chief Medical Officer of Research Institute of Preventive Pediatrics and Rehabilitation Treatment, Federal State Budgetary Institution « Scientific Centre of Children,s Health » Address: 119991, Moscow Lomonosov Prospect 2/2; tel.: (499) 134-07-45

E. O. Tarzyan

Scientific Centre of Children’s Health RAMS, Moscow, Russian Federation

Email: eleonora027@mail.ru

Russian Federation Ph.D Student of Federal State Budgetary Institution « Scientific Centre of Children,s Health» Address: 119991, Moscow Lomonosov Prospect 2/1; tel.: (499) 134-15-19

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