The Effect of Various Types of Anticoagulant Therapy on the Reduction of Mortality in COVID-19

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Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a viral infection that, in severe course, leads to the development of a cytokine storm, systemic inflammatory response and coagulopathy. Unlike other sepsis-associated disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, COVID-19 induced coagulopathy is realized mainly in thrombosis. Researchers around the world are currently developing adequate diagnostic, monitoring and anticoagulant therapy approaches to safely and effectively manage patients with severe COVID-19. The need to develop laboratory monitoring is due to the fact that 20% of patients have changes in hemostasis indicators, while in patients with a severe form of the disease, they are present in 100% of cases. In case of deaths from COVID-19, there is an increase in the concentration of D-dimer and fibrinogen degradation products. Thus, the severity of hemostasis disorders has an important prognostic value. Anticoagulant therapy is included in the list of all recommendations as an effective means of reducing mortality from COVID-19. The questions of the recommended groups and doses of anticoagulant drugs are still open. The approach to the choice of an anticoagulant should be based not only on risk factors, characteristics of the course of the disease, anamnesis, but also on the wishes of the patient during long-term therapy at the post-hospital stage.

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About the authors

Alexander D. Makatsariya

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)

Email: gemostasis@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7415-4633
SPIN-code: 7538-2966
https://internist.ru/lectors/detail/makatsariya-/

MD, PhD, prof., Academician of the RAS

Russian Federation, 8-2, Trubetskaya street, Moscow, 119991

Ekaterina V. Slukhanchuk

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University); Petrovsky National Research Center of Surgery

Author for correspondence.
Email: beloborodova@rambler.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7441-2778
SPIN-code: 7423-8944

MD, PhD, Assistant Professor

Russian Federation, 8-2, Trubetskaya street, Moscow, 119991; 2 Abrikosovskii per., 119991, Moscow

Victoria O. Bitsadze

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)

Email: vikabits@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8404-1042
SPIN-code: 5930-0859
Scopus Author ID: 6506003478
Mendeley Profile: https://www.mendeley.com/profiles/victoria-bitsadze/

MD, PhD, Professor

Russian Federation, 8-2, Trubetskaya street, Moscow, 119991

Jamilya K. Khizroeva

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)

Email: jamatotu@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0725-9686
SPIN-code: 8225-4976
Scopus Author ID: 57194547147
ResearcherId: F-8384-2017
Mendeley Profile: https://www.mendeley.com/impact/jamilya-khizroeva2/

MD, PhD, Professor

Russian Federation, 8-2, Trubetskaya street, Moscow, 119991

Maria V. Tretyakova

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)

Email: tretyakova777@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3628-0804
SPIN-code: 1463-0065

MD, PhD, Assistant Professor

Russian Federation, 8-2, Trubetskaya street, Moscow, 119991

Andrei S. Shkoda

L.A. Vorokhobov City Clinical Hospital № 67

Email: a.shkoda@67gkb.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9783-1796

MD, PhD

Russian Federation, st. Salyama Adilya, 2/44, Moscow

Ismail Elalamy

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University); Department of Thrombosis Center, Tenon University Hospital, Medicine Sorbonne University

Email: ismail.elalamy@aphp.fr
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9576-1368

MD, PhD, Professor

France, Trubetskaya str. 8-2, 119991, Moscow; Paris

Gian Carlo Di Renzo

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University); University of Perugia

Email: giancarlo.direnzo@unipg.it
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0293-6385

Professor, Center for Prenatal and Reproductive Medicine

Italy, 8-2, Trubetskaya street, Moscow, 119991; Perugia

Giuseppe Rizzo

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University); Cristo Re Roma

Email: giuseppe.rizzo@uniroma2.it
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5525-4353

MD, PhD, Professor, Maternal Fetal Medicine Department of Ospedale

Italy, Moscow; Rome

Natalia V. Pyatigorskaya

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: osipova-mma@list.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4901-4625
SPIN-code: 8128-1725

PhD in Pharmacology, Professor

Russian Federation, 45, Nakhimovsky prospect, Moscow, 117418

Antonina G. Solopova

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)

Email: antoninasolopova@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7456-2386

MD, PhD, Professor

Russian Federation, 8-2, Trubetskaya street, Moscow, 119991

Kristina N. Grigoreva

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)

Email: grigkristik96@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7756-8935

ординатор кафедры акушерства и гинекологии клинического института детского здоровья имени Н.Ф. Филатова

Russian Federation, 8-2, Trubetskaya street, Moscow, 119991

Inga Alexandrovna Nakaidze

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)

Email: ingulia21@yandex.ru

PhD, Student

Russian Federation, 8-2, Trubetskaya street, Moscow, 119991

Diana V. Mitryuk

State Medical and Pharmaceutical University named after Nicolae Testemitanu

Email: diana.mitriuc@gmail.com

Assistant

Moldova, Republic of, Chisinau, bul. Stefan cel Mare, 165

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