Problems of Psycho-Emotional Well-Being of Medical Personnel Working in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic

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Abstract


Background. The COVID-19 pandemic has a significant impact on the mental state of not only quarantined citizens and patients, but also health workers.

Aims — asessment of the mental health of doctors involved in work in the “red zone” during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Materials and methods. 77 respondents were interviewed using the HADS questionnaires and the Maslach burnout test. For statistical data processing Microsoft Office Excel 2016, IBM SPSS were used.

Results. An increase on the depression scales was noted in 7%, anxiety in 23%, and anxiety and depression together 27%. According to the Maslach questionnaire, 32 doctors (41.5%) noted a reaction of the type of “emotional devastation”. 10 doctors (12.9%) noted a reaction “reduction of professional achievements”. Three doctors (3.8%) had a dehumanization reaction in the form of dull emotions to colleagues and patients.

Conclusions. Work in the “red zone” has a significant negative impact on the mental health of doctors and medical personnel.


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About the authors

Mariya A. Samushiya

Central State Medical Academy of Department of Presidential Affairs

Author for correspondence.
Email: sma-psychiatry@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3681-9977
SPIN-code: 8196-3652

Russian Federation, 19 bld 1A, Marshal Timoshenko str., 121359, Moscow

MD, PhD, Professor

Aynur A. Ragimova

Central State Medical Academy of Department of Presidential Affairs

Email: ragimovaasia@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4370-4249
SPIN-code: 8489-7627

Russian Federation, Moscow

Research Associate

Natalia A. Amosova

Central Clinical Hospital with Polyclinic of Medical Center the Administrative, Department of the President of the Russian Federation

Email: kb6nso@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9172-153X

Russian Federation, Moscow

MD, PhD

Irina G. Smolentseva

Central Clinical Hospital with Polyclinic of Medical Center the Administrative, Department of the President of the Russian Federation

Email: smolik_71@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5569-6688

Russian Federation, Moscow

MD, PhD, Professor

Olga S. Oinotkinova

Research Institute of Health Organization and Medical Management of Department of Health of the City of Moscow

Email: olga-oynotkinova@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9856-8643
SPIN-code: 7783-6965

Russian Federation, Moscow

MD, Professor

Tatyana I. Bonkalo

Research Institute of Health Organization and Medical Management of Department of Health of the City of Moscow

Email: bonkalotatyanaivanovna@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0887-4995
SPIN-code: 6572-7417

Russian Federation, Moscow

PhD in Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor

Tamara Z. Berishvili

Central State Medical Academy of Department of Presidential Affairs

Email: tamrikoshkaberry@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0958-2409
SPIN-code: 1704-2816

Russian Federation, Moscow

Assistant

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files Action
1.
Fig. 1. The severity of the severity of symptoms of anxiety and depression according to HADS in groups

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2.
Fig. 2. Distribution of types of professional burnout reaction according to Maslach's questionnaire, depending on the presence of clinically significant anxiety and depression

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