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Вестник Российской академии медицинских наук

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ДИФФЕРЕНЦИАЛЬНАЯ ДИАГНОСТИКА НАСЛЕДСТВЕННЫХ ФОРМ ВРОЖДЕННОЙ АНИРИДИИ С ПОЗИЦИЙ СОВРЕМЕННОЙ ГЕНЕТИКИ

https://doi.org/10.15690/vramn834

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Врожденная аниридия (ВА) — наследственный аутосомно-доминантный порок развития глаз. В основе патогенеза ВА лежат гетерозиготные мутации в гене PAX6 и хромосомные перестройки, вовлекающие локус 11p13. Ключевая роль гена PAX6 в регуляции эмбриогенеза и плейотропность действия этого транскрипционного фактора объясняют возможность поражения сразу нескольких сред переднего отрезка глаз и глазного дна, структур головного мозга, а также нарушение морфогенеза и эндокринной функции поджелудочной железы, наблюдаемые при ВА. В последнее время ВА стала рассматриваться рядом исследователей как синдромальная патология. В обзоре собраны сведения о клинической характеристике, генетической основе различных форм ВА. Обсуждается проблема дискриминации клинико-генетических вариантов дисгенезии переднего отрезка глаза и дифференциальной диагностики PAX6-ассоциированной ВА с синдромом WAGR, дисгенезиями переднего отрезка глаз, другими редкими моногенными и хромосомными синдромами; подчеркивается роль молекулярной диагностики.

Об авторах

Татьяна Алексеевна Васильева
Медико-генетический научный центр
Россия

Научный сотрудник лаборатории генетической эпидемиологии ФГБНУ «МГНЦ».

115478, Москва, ул. Москворечье, д. 1, тел.: +7 (499) 320-60-90.

SPIN-код: 7759-9570



Анна Александровна Воскресенская
Межотраслевой научно-технический комплекс «Микрохирургия глаза» имени академика С.Н. Фёдорова, Чебоксарский филиал
Россия

Врач-офтальмолог отделения амбулаторной хирургии и консервативных методов лечения Чебоксарского филиала.

428028, Чебоксары, пр. Тракторостроителей, д. 10, тел.: +7 (8352) 30-50-00.

SPIN-код: 8117-8135



Ольга Вадимовна Хлебникова
Медико-генетический научный центр
Россия

Доктор медицинских наук, ведущий научный сотрудник научно-консультативного отдела.

115478, Москва, ул. Москворечье, д. 1.

SPIN-код: 1452-8249



Надежда Александровна Поздеева
Межотраслевой научно-технический комплекс «Микрохирургия глаза» имени академика С.Н. Фёдорова, Чебоксарский филиал

Доктор медицинских наук, заместитель директора по научной работе Чебоксарского филиала ФГАУ «МНТК «Микрохирургия глаза» им. акад. С.Н. Федорова» Минздрава России

428028, Чебоксары, пр. Тракторостроителей, д. 10, тел.: +7 (8352) 30-50-81.

SPIN-код: 2878-7280



Андрей Владимирович Марахонов
Медико-генетический научный центр; Московский физико-технический институт (государственный университет)
Россия

Старший научный сотрудник лаборатории генетической эпидемиологии ФГБНУ «МГНЦ», старший научный сотрудник лаборатории функционального анализа генома МФТИ.

115478, Москва, ул. Москворечье, д. 1.

SPIN-код: 6803-9072



Рена Абульфазовна Зинченко
Медико-генетический научный центр; Российский национальный исследовательский медицинский университет имени Н.И. Пирогова

Доктор медицинских наук, профессор, заведующая лабораторией генетической эпидемиологии ФГБНУ «МГНЦ», профессор кафедры молекулярной и клеточной генетики МБФ ФГБОУ ВО «РНИМУ им. Н.И. Пирогова» МР.

115478, Москва, ул. Москворечье, д. 1, тел.: +7 (499) 324-12-24.

SPIN-код: 7273-4358



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Для цитирования:


Васильева Т.А., Воскресенская А.А., Хлебникова О.В., Поздеева Н.А., Марахонов А.В., Зинченко Р.А. ДИФФЕРЕНЦИАЛЬНАЯ ДИАГНОСТИКА НАСЛЕДСТВЕННЫХ ФОРМ ВРОЖДЕННОЙ АНИРИДИИ С ПОЗИЦИЙ СОВРЕМЕННОЙ ГЕНЕТИКИ. Вестник Российской академии медицинских наук. 2017;72(4):233-241. https://doi.org/10.15690/vramn834

For citation:


Vasilyeva T.A., Voskresenskaya A.A., Khlebnikova O.V., Pozdeyeva N.A., Marakhonov A.V., Zinchenko R.A. GENETIC APPROACHES TO DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS OF HEREDITARY FORMS OF CONGENITAL ANIRIDIA. Annals of the Russian academy of medical sciences. 2017;72(4):233-241. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15690/vramn834

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