D.I. Ivanovsky ― A Pioneer Discover of Viruses, As A New Form of Biological Life

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Abstract


125 years ago, in 1992, a Russian scientist Dmitri Iosifovich Ivanovsky published first research data disclosing a unique form of filterable biological microlife. Further scientific progress in this discovery resulted in a new discipline of human knowledge, called «the Kingdom of viruses».
A fundamental understanding of viral form of biological life was established not at once and was gradually formed under the accumulation of scientific facts. Only at the beginning of 50 years of the twentieth century, a basic understanding of viral Kingdom had been formed and 1992 year was recognized as the year of the birth of Virology. Virology, which started developing by the research of D.I. Ivanovsky, gave remarkable progress and prominent results: more than 20 scientists got Nobble Prize for the outstanding works in virology. There are all arguments and grounds to nominate the international scientific award in virology named of D.I. Ivanovsky.

O. P. Zhirnov

D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, N.F. Gamaleya Federal Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology

Author for correspondence.
Email: zhirniov@inbox.ru

Russian Federation

Доктор биологических наук, профессор, руководитель лаборатории вирусного патогенеза НИИ вирусологии им. Д.И. Ивановского.

Адрес: 123098, Москва, ул. Гамалеи, д. 16

G. P. Georgiev

Sciences Institute of Gene Biology, the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: georgiev@igb.ac.ru

Russian Federation

Доктор биологических наук, академик, главный научный сотрудник.

Адрес: 119334, Москва, ул. Вавилова, д. 34/5

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