EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE OF CHOLERA IN RUSSIA DURING THE PERIOD OF THE SEVENTH PANDEMIC

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  • Authors: Onishchenko G.G.1, Moskvitina E.A.2, Kruglikov V.D.2, Titova S.V.2, Adamenko O.L.2, Vodop'yanov A.S.2, Vodop'yanov S.O.2
  • Affiliations:
    1. Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russian Federation
    2. Rostov-on-Don Research Anti-plague Institute of Federal Service on Supervision in the Sphere of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare, Russian Federation
  • Issue: Vol 70, No 2 (2015)
  • Pages: 249-256
  • Section: SHORT MESSAGES
  • URL: https://vestnikramn.spr-journal.ru/jour/article/view/63
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.15690/vramn.v70i2.1320
  • Cite item

Abstract


In this work basic stages of formation of the epidemiological surveillance of cholera in Russia are described. In 1990-s for the first time zoning by epidemic manifestations of cholera was carried out at the level of subjects forming parts of Russia and other Republics of the Soviet Union with the introduction of differential tactics of epidemiological surveillance. Improvement of epidemiological surveillance of cholera was aimed at harmonization with the IHR (2005), integration of epidemiological surveillance of cholera and social-hygienic monitoring of water objects of I and II categories. Characterization of isolated Vibrio cholerae strains (1990−2014) on the genomic basis determined the emergence of new VNTR-genotypes of V. cholerae O1 ctxAB+ tcpA+, responsible for outbreaks, simultaneously with isolation of V. cholerae O1 ctxAB-tcpA- strains during monitoring of environmental objects for cholera. A viewpoint is considered of the beginning of the eighth cholera pandemic in the context of emergence of V. cholerae-torstrains with CTXφ prophage carrying ctxB gene of cholera toxin of classical biovar. Main directions of further enhancement of epidemiological surveillance include the study of basic data structures used in the epidemiological surveillance system, the use of zoning of municipal units of federal subjects with corresponding surveillance tactics and expected economic effect.

 


G. G. Onishchenko

Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: taruntaeva_na@apf.gov.ru

Russian Federation

доктор медицинских наук, профессор, академик РАН, помощник Председателя Правительства Российской Федерации
Адрес: 103274, Москва, Краснопресненская наб., д. 2, стр. 2, тел.: +7 (495) 985-54-86

E. A. Moskvitina

Rostov-on-Don Research Anti-plague Institute of Federal Service on Supervision in the Sphere of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare, Russian Federation

Email: Elza_epid@mail.ru

Russian Federation

доктор медицинских наук, профессор, заведующая лабораторией эпидемиологии особо опасных инфекций Ростовского-на-Дону научно-исследовательского противочумного института
Адрес: 344002, Ростов-на-Дону, ул. Максима Горького, д. 117/40, тел.: +7 (863) 234-38-17

V. D. Kruglikov

Rostov-on-Don Research Anti-plague Institute of Federal Service on Supervision in the Sphere of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare, Russian Federation

Email: plague@aaanet.ru

Russian Federation

кандидат медицинских наук, заместитель директора института по противоэпидемической работе, заведующий лабораторией микробиологии холеры Ростовского-на-Дону научно-исследовательского противочумного института
Адрес: 344002, Ростов-на-Дону, ул. Максима Горького, д. 117/40, тел.: +7 (863) 240-27-03

S. V. Titova

Rostov-on-Don Research Anti-plague Institute of Federal Service on Supervision in the Sphere of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare, Russian Federation

Email: plague@aaanet.ru

Russian Federation

кандидат медицинских наук, директор Ростовского-на-Дону научно-исследовательского противочумного института
Адрес: 344002, Ростов-на-Дону, ул. Максима Горького, д. 117/40, тел.: +7 (863) 240-27-03

O. L. Adamenko

Rostov-on-Don Research Anti-plague Institute of Federal Service on Supervision in the Sphere of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare, Russian Federation

Email: plague@aaanet.ru

Russian Federation

кандидат медицинских наук, старший научный сотрудник лаборатории эпидемиологии
особо опасных инфекций Ростовского-на-Дону научно-исследовательского противочумного института
Адрес: 344002, Ростов-на-Дону, ул. Максима Горького, д. 117/40, тел.: +7 (863) 240-27-03

A. S. Vodop'yanov

Rostov-on-Don Research Anti-plague Institute of Federal Service on Supervision in the Sphere of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare, Russian Federation

Email: plague@aaanet.ru

Russian Federation

кандидат медицинских наук, руководитель группы вирусологии лаборатории биохимии микробов Ростовского-на-Дону научно-исследовательского противочумного института
Адрес: 344002, Ростов-на-Дону, ул. Максима Горького, д. 117/40, тел.: +7 (863) 240-27-03

S. O. Vodop'yanov

Rostov-on-Don Research Anti-plague Institute of Federal Service on Supervision in the Sphere of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare, Russian Federation

Email: plague@aaanet.ru

Russian Federation

доктор медицинских наук, заведующий лабораторией биохимии микробов Ростовского-на-Дону научно-исследовательского противочумного института
Адрес: 344002, Ростов-на-Дону, ул. Максима Горького, д. 117/40, тел.: +7 (863) 240-27-03

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