HYDROGEN SULFIDE AS A THIRD ESSENTIAL GAS MOLECULE IN LIVING TISSUES

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Abstract


The data of foreign studies over the last 15 years devoted to endogenous synthesis and biological role of hydrogen sulfide in micromolar quantities which complemented the already two well-known gas transmitters — OH and NO are presented in this review. Despite the short period since the physiological properties of hydrogen sulfide were opened (about 20 years) it was found that this gas transmitter plays a key role in the regulation of nerve (neural signal transmission), cardiovascular (relaxation of smooth muscles), immune (anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective agent) sensory, gastrointestinal (output of insulin) systems and in the metabolism of various organs. Currently the role of H2S in the pathogenesis of different diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, heart failure) is being studying. The developments of drugs that act as either exogenous donors H2S or blockers of the biosynthesis of H2S are promising. With consideration the fact that H2S is a representative of non-synaptic way of intercellular communication based on diffusion of molecules of inorganic compounds in the intercellular space in all directions and effect on distant from their place of formation non- synaptic receptors it is suggested to use exogenous H2S in strict proportion for the treatment of a number of human diseases.

 


S. I. Kolesnikov

Scientific Center of the Problems of Family Health and Human Reproduction, Irkutsk, Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: sikolesnikov2012@gmail.com

Russian Federation

доктор медицинских наук, академик РАН, главный научный сотрудник НЦ ПЗСРЧ, заслуженный деятель науки РФ
Адрес: 664003, Иркутск, ул. Тимирязева, д. 16, тел.: +7 (3952) 20-76 36

B. Ya. Vlasov

Scientific Center of the Problems of Family Health and Human Reproduction, Irkutsk, Russian Federation

Email: vlasov.vlabor@yandex.ru

Russian Federation

доктор медицинских наук, профессор, старший научный сотрудник лаборатории физиологии и патологии эндокринной системы НЦ ПЗСРЧ
Адрес: 664003, Иркутск, ул. Тимирязева, д. 16, тел.: +7 (3952) 20-76-36, 20-73-67

L. I. Kolesnikova

Scientific Center of the Problems of Family Health and Human Reproduction, Irkutsk, Russian Federation

Email: iphr@sbamsr.irk.ru

Russian Federation

доктор медицинских наук, член-корреспондент РАН, профессор, директор НЦ ПЗСРЧ
Адрес: 664003, Иркутск, ул. Тимирязева, д. 16, тел.: +7 (3952) 20-76-36

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