PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF MOTHERS BRINGING UP DISABLED CHILDREN

Cover Page

Abstract


Background: Research objective was to define psychological makers of mothers bringing up disabled children for scientific justification of the family psychotherapy branches. Patients and methods: 60 mothers bringing up children of early age with infantile cerebral palsy and 50 mothers of children with compensation of perinatal affections of the central nervous system by the 1 life year are surveyed. Personal characteristics, family orientations of mothers, child and mother relations, awareness of mothers on the children health state and the attitude to their rehabilitation were studied by means of psychological techniques. Results: It is found out that the mothers bringing up disabled children more often have emotional disorders, negative attitude to divorce and give the leading role in a family to the husband less often they show hypoguardianship of the child than the mothers of children with compensation of perinatal affections of the central nervous system. Mothers are less satisfied with the child development, they are more often worried about disorders of development of movements, speech and mental development delay, small appetite of the child, they feel helplessness in rehabilitation more often, note the ambiguity of its prospects. They understand that their child needs the help of the qualified experts: neurologist, orthopaedist, logopedist, psychologist, but they aren't satisfied with communication with them more often, underestimate own role in rehabilitation. Conclusion: The revealed characteristics prove the necessity and define the main directions of family psychotherapy — correction of mother's emotional disorders, child and parental relations, increase of medical and psychological competence that allows to increase efficiency of rehabilitation.


O. Yu. Kocherova

Ivanovo Scientific Research Institute of Maternity and Childhood n.a. V.N. Gorodkov

Author for correspondence.
Email: ivniideti@mail.ru

Russian Federation PhD, leading research scientist of the Department of Child Health Protection and Medicosocial studies of V.N. Gorodkov Ivanovo RI of Maternity and Childhood

O. M. Fil'kina

Ivanovo Scientific Research Institute of Maternity and Childhood n.a. V.N. Gorodkov, Russian Federation

Email: omfilkina@mail.ru

Russian Federation PhD, professor, Honoured Doctor of RF, Head of the Department of Child Health Protection and Medicosocial studies of V.N.Gorodkov Ivanovo RI of Maternity and Childhood. Address: 20, Pobedy Street, Ivanovo, RF, 153045; tel.: +7 (4932) 33-70-55

N. V. Dolotova

Ivanovo Scientific Research Institute of Maternity and Childhood n.a. V.N. Gorodkov, Russian Federation

Email: ivniideti@mail.ru

Russian Federation

MD, research scientist of the Department of Child Health Protection and Medicosocial studies of V.N.Gorodkov Ivanovo RI of Maternity and Childhood. Address: 20, Pobedy Street, Ivanovo, RF, 153045; tel.: +7 (4932) 33-70-55

A. I. Malyshkina

Ivanovo Scientific Research Institute of Maternity and Childhood n.a. V.N. Gorodkov, Russian Federation

Email: ivniideti@mail.ru

Russian Federation PhD, Director of V.N.Gorodkov Ivanovo RI of Maternity and Childhood. Address: 20, Pobedy Street, Ivanovo, RF, 153045; tel.: +7 (4932) 33-62-63

E. N. Antysheva

Ivanovo Scientific Research Institute of Maternity and Childhood n.a. V.N. Gorodkov, Russian Federation

Email: ant_elena@list.ru

Russian Federation

psychiatrist of RBHI «Regional clinical psychiatric hospital «Bogorodskoe» Address: 36, Ermaka Street, Ivanovo, RF, 153045; tel.: +7 (4932) 33-70-55

  1. Baranov A.A., Il'in A.G. Ross. pediatrich. zhurn. = Russian pediatric journal. 2011; 4: 7–12.
  2. Fil'kina O.M., Kocherova O.Yu., Pykhtina L.A., Vorob'eva E.A., Shanina T.G., Dolotova N.V., Vitruk E.L. Nervno-psikhicheskoe i fizicheskoe razvitie, emotsional'noe sostoyanie detei s perinatal'nymi porazheniyami TsNS v zavisimosti ot lichnostnykh kharakteristik ikh roditelei: pos. dlya vrachei [Neuropsychic and Somatic Development, Emotional State of Children with Perinatal Affection of Central Nervous System Depending on Personal Characteristics of Parents: Guideline]. Ivanovo, 2006. 20 p.
  3. Mastyukova E.M., Moskovkina A.G. Semeinoe vospitanie detei s otkloneniyami v razvitii [Family Education of Children with Abnormal Development]. Moscow, 2004. 35 p.
  4. Vetrila T.G. Klin. psikhiatriya = Cinical psychiatry. 2009; 13(3): 28–34.
  5. Korel'skaya N.G. Rol' materi v sem'e, vospityvayushchei rebenka s narusheniyami v razvitii [Role of a Mother in a Family Growing Up a Child with Abnormal Development]. Moscow, 2007. pp. 589–591.
  6. Svetlichnaya T.G., Nesterova I.V. Probl. sots. gigieny, zdravookhr. i istorii meditsiny = Problems of social hygene, healthcare and history of medicine. 2010; 4: 19–23.
  7. Vert P., Daval J.I. Cell death and neurogenesis after hypoxia: a brain repair mechanism in the developing rat ? Bull. de I Academie nationale de medicine. 2006; 190 (2): 469–481.
  8. Wu Y. W. et al. Cerebral palsy in a term population: risk factors and neuroimaging findings. Pediatrics. 2006; 2: 690.
  9. Zernitskii O.B. Semeinaya terapiya = Family therapy. 2005; 3: 29–43.
  10. Sinitsyna N. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskaya korrektsiya detsko-roditel'skikh otnoshenii [Psychological and Pedagogical Correction of Child-Parental Relationships]. Moscow, 2001. pp. 18–19.
  11. Sobchik L.N. MINI-SMIL ekspress-diagnostika sostoyaniya [MINI-SMILL Near-patient Testing]. Moscow, 2002. 8 p.
  12. Starshenbaum G.V. Kak stat' semeinym psikhologom [To Become a Family Psychologist]. Moscow, 2007. pp. 234–236.
  13. Mishurova E.Yu. Komplekt metodik dlya psikhologicheskoi diagnostiki kandidatov v priemnye roditeli [Complex of Techniques for Psychological Diagnosis of Potential Adoptive Parents]. Yaroslavl', 2007. pp. 1, 7–8.
  14. Solodyankina O.V. Vospitanie rebenka s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostyami zdorov'ya v sem'e [Growing Up a Physically Challenged Child in a Family]. Moscow, 2007. 80 p.

Views

Abstract - 23

PDF (Russian) - 31

Cited-By


PlumX



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies