MAINTENANCE AND HEALTH PROMOTION OF ADOLESCENT – PLEDGE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIETY AND STATE (CURRENT STATUS OF THE ISSUE)

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Abstract


The article presents submitted data of population dynamics of adolescent (10-17 years old) in Russian Federation over the period of 1995—2012. In the presence of reduction by 8,2 million of adolescent population the top-priority task of adolescent health and life maintenance was declared. The article deals with physical growth and development statistics of schoolchildren of 15-19 years old: as opposed to peers of 80-es increase of length, body weight and circumference of chest as well as reduction of muscle strength is observed. On the ground of the data analysis of authoritative statistical reporting the increase of morbidity rate by factor of 1,4 was detected over the last 10 years. It has been established that the true morbidity level is above the authoritative by the factor of 1,5. The number of adolescent at the age of 10-15 referred to 1st and 2nd health groups decreased almost on 20%, at the same time pathological processes become chronic. The reproductive and mental health of adolescent at the age of 15-17 years was analyzed over the last 10 years. The rate of mental health disorders in adolescent living in country is more than in the peers living in cities by the factor of 1,2-1,4. The rate of period disorders, salpingitis and oothecitis increased in girls under 10 years and ones at the age of 15-17. The rate and structure of child disability was analyzed. It was fixed that leading causes of adolescent disability are mental disorders, diseases of nervous system, congenital anomalies. The most commonly encountered seed of physical dysfunction is capacity to study. It is demonstrated that there is misreporting on both child disability in totally and adolescent disability in Russian Federation. After the analysis of particular provisions of legislation concerning medical and social issues of child disability the week points were detected. The morbidity rate of adolescent was studied: primary cause of death in adolescent is extrinsic factor (more than 70%), the leading one is suicide. Road traffic accidents and accidental poisoning comes then. The medical and social consequences of high morbidity, disability and mortality rates of adolescent were considered as labour, reproductive and military potential of society and state. Short-term and long-term plans focused on decrease of morbidity, disability and mortality rates of adolescent were formulated on the basis of submitted data. search for solution is supposed to be nationwide and local as well (public health service, education, social protection).


A. A. Baranov

Scientific Centre of Children’s Health, Moscow

Author for correspondence.
Email: baranov@nczd.ru

Russian Federation academician of RAS, Director of Scientific Institute of Children Health

L. S. Namazova-Baranova

Scientific Centre of Children’s Health, Moscow, Russian Federation

Email: namazova@nczd.ru

Russian Federation correspondent member of RAS, Deputy Director for Science of SCCH, Director of RI of Preventive Pediatrics and Remedial Treatment of SCCH.Address: build. 1, 2, Lomonosovskii Avenue, Moscow, RF, 119991; tel.: +7 (499) 967-14-14

A. G. Il'in

Scientific Centre of Children’s Health, Moscow, Russian Federation

Email: ilin@nczd.ru

Russian Federation PhD, professor, Deputy Director for Science of RI of Preventive Pediatrics and Remedial Treatment of SCCH. Address: build. 1, 2, Lomonosovskii Avenue, Moscow, RF, 119991; tel.: +7 (499) 134-04-20

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