Vaccination Against COVID-19: Emerging Issues and Future Prospects

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Abstract

The most effective means of combating the COVID-19 pandemic s the formation of herd immunity, with the formation of an immune population to infection. Vaccination rates are continuously increasing. In early February 2021, WHO announced that the number of people vaccinated against the disease for the first time exceeded the number of infected. In early June 2021 the vaccinated number exceeded 2 billion which is more than 12 times the total number infected for the entire duration of the pandemic. The high rate of vaccination leads to the formulation of a number of questions concerning the effectiveness of vaccines currently used for mass immunization the level of herd immunity, necessary to stop the spread of the disease, the actual duration of the vaccination carried out, long-term prospects of the platforms, used in the creation of vaccines. The purpose of this paper is to substantiate reasoned answers to the questions posed.

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About the authors

Gennadiy G. Onischenko

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)

Email: 48cnii@mil.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0135-7258

MD, PhD, Professor, Academician of RAS

Russian Federation, Moscow

Tatiana E. Sizikova

48 Central Scientific Research Institute of the Ministry of Defens of the Russian Federation

Email: 48cnii@mil.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1817-0126
SPIN-code: 7768-3290

PhD in Biology, Research Associate

Russian Federation, 11, Oktyabr’skaya str., Sergiev Posad-6, Moscow region, 141306

Vitaliy N. Lebedev

48 Central Scientific Research Institute of the Ministry of Defens of the Russian Federation

Email: 48cnii@mil.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6552-4599

PhD in Biology, Professor, Leading Research Associate

Russian Federation, 11, Oktyabr’skaya str., Sergiev Posad-6, Moscow region, 141306

Sergey V. Borisevich

48 Central Scientific Research Institute of the Ministry of Defens of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: 48cnii@mil.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6742-3919
SPIN-code: 5753-3400

PhD in Biology, Professor, Corresponding Member of the RAS

Russian Federation, 11, Oktyabr’skaya str., Sergiev Posad-6, Moscow region, 141306

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