The role of modern information technologies in the educational programs for children with normal visual functions and with ophthalmopathology

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  • Today, in the educational process, the usual paper sources of information are increasingly giving way to electronic devices: smartphones, tablets, readers and computer monitors. Currently, in the field of cognitive activity continues active development in the field of cognitive science. Extensive opportunities in the use of interactive training programs, a positive impact on the cognitive functions of students, increasing the concentration of active attention on educational material, increasing motivation for learning are important advantages of electronic devices. Of particular importance are modern electronic devices for visually impaired students, allowing them to receive an education that is fully consistent with the education of students who do not have restrictions on health opportunities. The review describes the existing types of displays, lists their main characteristics that can affect the state of visual functions and visual performance. The current sanitary and hygienic requirements for the visual work of students with normal visual functions, and with severe ophthalmopathology, containing the basic provisions, but not taking into account, however, the diversity of currently used and emerging new electronic devices. In this regard, it emphasizes the prospects of research in the field of the impact of modern technology on the visual system and the development of appropriate recommendations for their use in the organization of the educational process.

Hristo P. Takhchidi

Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University.


Russian Federation, 117997, Россия, Москва, ул. Островитянова, д. 1.

Доктор медицинских наук, профессор, проректор по лечебной работе Российского национального исследовательского медицинского университета имени Н. И. Пирогова, директор Научно-исследовательского центра офтальмологии РНИМУ.

Maria A. Gracheva

Institute for Information Transmission Problems (Kharkevich Institute), Russian Academy of Sciences.

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5184-5316
SPIN-code: 1164-7489

Russian Federation, 127051, Россия, Москва, Большой Каретный переулок, д.19 стр. 1.

К.б.н., старший научный сотрудник лаборатории 11 "Зрительные системы".


Anna A. Kazakova

Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University; Institute for Information Transmission Problems (Kharkevich Institute), Russian Academy of Sciences.

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5184-5316
SPIN-code: 2648-5849

Russian Federation, 117997, Россия, Москва, ул. Островитянова, д. 1; 127051, Россия, Москва, Большой Каретный переулок, д.19 стр. 1.

Аспирант, стажер-исследователь.

Alla V. Strizhebok

Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University.


Russian Federation, 117997, Россия, Москва, ул. Островитянова, д. 1.

Начальник отдела разработки прикладных медицинских технологий и изделий медицинской техники Российского национального исследовательского медицинского университета им. Н.И. Пирогова Минздрава России.

Nadezhda N. Vasilyeva

Institute for Information Transmission Problems (Kharkevich Institute), Russian Academy of Sciences.


Russian Federation, 127051, Россия, Москва, Большой Каретный переулок, д.19 стр. 1.

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