VitalFlow-Diabetic foot What are the causes, symptoms and ways to treat it?

by fiona basil (26.02.2021)

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The development of the diabetic foot, not surprisingly, is one of the most feared complications of diabetes. Since it can have very serious consequences such as the amputation of the fingers and even the foot if the blood sugar levels are not controlled in time and regulated.

The diabetic foot is an injury given in patients who have diabetes, the more advanced the disease is, the greater the risk of suffering from diabetic foot. The factors that most influence the development of diabetic foot are:

  • The poor care of diabetes in general, foot deformities, tobacco, neuropathy and arteriopathy.
  • The diabetic foot has the consequence that the minimum wound on the foot causes blisters or ulcers that cause great pain, great infections that are difficult to heal and could even cause amputation of the foot in extreme cases.

What are the causes of diabetic foot?

The problem does not appear in all people who suffer from diabetes but rather depends on the treatment and care that is being given, the evolution, and the factors that make the disease worse.

In theory if the disease is treated correctly it should not appear although 1 in 10 people could suffer from diabetic foot.

There are also some pathologies that cause diabetic foot, such as the following:

Infection:

Thanks to the deterioration of the immune system and the lack of proper blood supply, cracks and ulcers on the feet worsen, causing infections in the skin, tissue, arteries and bones.

Vasculopathy:

Due to diabetes there is damage to the blood vessels, if to this we add the distance between the heart and the feet, it could lead to tissue suffering.

Peripheral neuropathy:

The disease causes the nerves responsible for stimulating and controlling the muscles of the extremities to suffer. All these damages caused by diabetes could cause the patient to suffer from diabetic foot.

What are the symptoms of diabetic foot?

The symptoms of diabetic foot are essential to detect it in time and treat it as soon as possible avoiding complications, the symptoms are:

  • Loss of muscle and vibration sensitivity.
  • Muscular atrophy.
  • Decreased trophism.
  • Cramps
  • Appearance of deformities in the foot.

What is the treatment of diabetic foot?

The goal of treatment varies according to how severe the diabetic foot is, and just as your goals also vary in treatment. Possible treatments for diabetic foot are:

Treatment for the prevention of the same:

They are a series of measures such as: correct hygiene and proper drying of the foot including the area between the toes, careful control of blood glucose, nail care, straight nail cuts are the most advisable, to avoid Ingrown toenails, good hydration, use comfortable footwear, ensuring that it is wide and spatial to avoid possible injuries to it.

Relieve pressure:

This treatment is applied when an ulcer appears on the foot and consists of, as its name indicates, relieving the pressure in the area, this is achieved with careful rest, in addition to taking good care of the area avoiding infections, eliminating the keys that may appear around it.

Antibiotics:

This treatment is ideal when there is a deeper ulcer on the foot, dead tissues are removed, and topical healing is mandatory. Appropriate to the case, orthotics, hospitalization or the use of casts could be chosen to reduce irritation in the specific area of ​​the foot, depending on the severity of the infection, a surgical intervention could also be needed.

Amputation:

This treatment is only applied in extreme cases where the infection usually extends to the limb (gangrene) and the entire body area needs to be amputated.

If you have diabetes, it is advisable to take some precautions to avoid diabetic foot, such as: checking the foot very carefully in order to detect any important injury or loss of sensitivity in it, letting a professional take care of the pedicure to avoid common mistakes in it such as cutting the nails excessively, using moisturizers, visiting a podiatrist at least 2 times a year, avoiding walking without shoes, choosing the correct footwear (you can ask the podiatrist for g0075idance), keeping track of sugar and follow the doctor's recommendations.

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