D.I. Ivanovsky ― A Pioneer Discover of Viruses, As A New Form of Biological Life

Cover Page

Cite item


125 years ago, in 1992, a Russian scientist Dmitri Iosifovich Ivanovsky published first research data disclosing a unique form of filterable biological microlife. Further scientific progress in this discovery resulted in a new discipline of human knowledge, called «the Kingdom of viruses».
A fundamental understanding of viral form of biological life was established not at once and was gradually formed under the accumulation of scientific facts. Only at the beginning of 50 years of the twentieth century, a basic understanding of viral Kingdom had been formed and 1992 year was recognized as the year of the birth of Virology. Virology, which started developing by the research of D.I. Ivanovsky, gave remarkable progress and prominent results: more than 20 scientists got Nobble Prize for the outstanding works in virology. There are all arguments and grounds to nominate the international scientific award in virology named of D.I. Ivanovsky.

About the authors

O. P. Zhirnov

D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, N.F. Gamaleya Federal Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology

Author for correspondence.
Email: zhirniov@inbox.ru

Доктор биологических наук, профессор, руководитель лаборатории вирусного патогенеза НИИ вирусологии им. Д.И. Ивановского.

Адрес: 123098, Москва, ул. Гамалеи, д. 16
Russian Federation

G. P. Georgiev

Sciences Institute of Gene Biology, the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: georgiev@igb.ac.ru

Доктор биологических наук, академик, главный научный сотрудник.

Адрес: 119334, Москва, ул. Вавилова, д. 34/5

Russian Federation


  1. Ивановский Д.И. О двух болезнях табака: Табачная пепелица. Мозаичная болезнь. — СПб.: тип. В. Демакова; 1892. — 19 с. [Ivanovskii DI. O dvukh boleznyakh tabaka: Tabachnaya pepelitsa. Mozaichnaya bolezn’. St. Petersburg: tip. V. Demakova; 1892. 19 p. (In Russ).]
  2. Ivanowsky D. Über die Mosaikkrankheit der Tabakspflanze. Bulletin Scientifiquepublié par l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg. Nouvelle Serie III. 1892;35:67−70.
  3. Ivanowsky D. Concerning the mosaic disease of the tobacco plant. 1892. In: Johnson J, editor. Phytopathological classics no 7. St. Paul, MN: American Phytopathological Society; 1942. p. 27−30.
  4. Докторская диссертация Д.И. Ивановского «Мозаичная болезнь табака» // Варшавские университетские известия. ― 1902. ― №5 ― С. 1–48. [Doktorskaya dissertatsiya D.I. Ivanovskogo «Mozaichnaya bolezn’ tabaka». Varshavskie universitetskie izvestiya. 1902;(5):1–48. (In Russ).]
  5. Beijerinck MW. Concerning a contagium vivum fluidum as cause of the spot disease of tobacco leaves. Akademie van Wettenschappente Amsterdam. 1989. In: Johnson J, editor. Phytopathological classics no 7. St. Paul, MN: American Phytopathological Society; 1942. p. 33–52.
  6. Beijerinck MW. [Bemerkung zu dem Aufsatz von Herrn Iwanowskyuber die Mosaikkrankheit der Tabakspflanze. (In German).] Zentbl Bakt Parasit Kde. 1899;(Abt. I):310–311.
  7. d’Hérelles F. [Sur un microbe invisible antagoniste des bacilles dysentériques. (In French).] Comptesrendus Acad Sci Paris. 1917;165:373–375.
  8. Twort FW. An investigation on the nature of ultra-microscopic viruses. Lancet. 1915;186(4814):1241–1243. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(01)20383-3.
  9. Loeffler F, Frosch P. Berichte der Kommission zur Erforschung der Maul und Klauenseuche bei dem Institut fur Infektionskrankheiten. In: Brock TD, editor. Milestones in microbiology: 1556 to 1940. ASM Press; 1998. p. 149.
  10. Rous FP. Transmission of a malignant growth by means of a cell-free filtrate. JAMA. 1983;250(11):1445-1446. doi: 10.1001/jama.1983.03340110059037.
  11. Reed W, Carroll J, Agramonte A. The etiology of yellow fever: an additional note. JAMA. 1901;XXXVI(7):431-440. doi: 10.1001/jama.1901.52470070017001f.
  12. Beijerinck MW. [Pasteur en de Ultramicrobiologie. (In German).] Chemisch Weekblad. 1922;19:525−527.
  13. Stanley WM. The isolation and properties of crystalline tobacco mosaic virus. Nobel Lecture. 1946;12:1942−1962.
  14. Вайндрах Г.М., Шерман Я.И. Из истории вирусологии. Полемика Д.И. Ивановского с М.В. Бейеринком // Микробиология. ― 1952. ― Т.21. ― №4 ― С. 495–497. [Vaindrakh GM, Sherman YaI. Iz istorii virusologii. Polemika D.I. Ivanovskogo s M.V. Beierinkom. Mikrobiologiya. 1952;21(4):495–497. (In Russ).]
  15. Lustig A, Levine J. Minireview: one hundred years of Virology. J Virol. 1992;66(8):629−631.
  16. Lvov DK. Century of virology. In: Mahy BWJ, Lvov DK, editors. Concepts of virology: from Ivanovsky to present. Part 1. Historical reports. Switzerland: Harwood Academic Publisher GmbH; 1993. p. 3−13.
  17. Совет Министров СССР. Постановление № 4344 «Об увековечении памяти Д.И. Ивановского» от 19 октября 1950 г. [Council of Ministers of the USSR. Decree № 4344 «Ob uvekovechenii pamyati D.I. Ivanovskogo» dated October 19, 1950. (In Russ).]

Copyright (c) 2017 "Paediatrician" Publishers LLC

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies