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The analysis of measures efficiency for prevention by essential hypertension (EH) in Russian Federation within the space of 2002–2012 years was realized. Those measures were carrying out Federal (National) Project and primary activity of the medical and scientific institutions under the leadership Russian Cardiology Research and Production Complex. The basic result was decrease in cardiovascular disease death rate starting with 2004 year. The most pronounced significant changes were found in death rate from the cerebrovascular diseases. From 2003 to 2012, the annual cerebrovascular disease death rate decreased in 1,5 times (in 2003 — 339,9 by 100 thousands, to compare with 2012 — 224,1 by 100 thousands). Moreover, in 2012 the fatal stroke death rate was decreased on 114,8 thousands (to compare with 2004). Decrease of cardiovascular disease death rate is achieved from: early revealing of essential hypertension pts; development and introduction in practical public health of new methods of prevention («Schools of Health»), adequate diagnostic and treatment of essential hypertension patients; increase of an educational level by cardiology in polyclinics, also use by the government of special purposes for Cardiovascular disease death rate decrease.

About the authors

I. E. Chazova

Russian Cardiology Research and Production Complex, Moscow, Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Russian Federation

E. V. Oshchepkova

Russian Cardiology Research and Production Complex, Moscow, Russian Federation

Russian Federation


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